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Criminal Psychologist: Education and Career Information

There are many programs that highlight individuals on a crime team that operate solely on the aspect of studying and observing criminals to understand what they may be or have been thinking when committing the crime. This is a fascinating career field that can be very rewarding and exciting for someone who wants to work in law enforcement, but in a different capacity than being an officer. These individuals are called criminal psychologists, or forensic psychologists.

What does a criminal psychologist do?

A criminal psychologist uses their research and data collection to study and address the mental state of a criminal. They specialize in understanding the mind for thoughts, intentions and criminal behavior. This is a very popular career field. A criminal psychologist not only studies crimes, but helps in determining whether or not a criminal is at risk of re-offending in the future. They work to guess what actions a criminal may take next. They are often called to testify in court, and are best known for criminal profiling. This means they work with law enforcement to create a psychological assessment and provide strategies and suggestions to use. There is never a dull moment with this job, and this role works in a number of positions, including counseling, computer-related crimes, and research. You will find these people in the office and in the courtroom. They work for local, state and governmental agencies, and some of them work as consultants in private practice. Criminal psychologists are also found in universities, teaching courses to law enforcement officers and other professionals.

How much does a criminal psychologist earn?

According to Payscale, a criminal psychologist earns around $62,000 per year on average. This salary may change with experience, location and the role they play on the team. This position can make over $100,000 a year as the level of education gets higher and the responsibilities increase.

What types of skills are needed to become a criminal psychologist?

There are a number of skills required for a person to become successful as a criminal psychologist:

Reading and writing: Strong reading skills are needed to comprehend any research and data gathered. A criminal psychologist must be able to write clearly for a number of audiences.

Critical Thinking: A criminal psychologist must use logic and reasoning to come to sound conclusions after identifying underlying situations and crime scenes. They must be able to decipher what a criminal is thinking, putting themselves into the mind of the perpetrator in order to figure out their next move.

Communication: It is very important to communicate when you are involved in the study of human behavior. This is the only way criminal psychologists will be able to describe their observations and discuss their findings.

Research skills: A criminal psychologist must have strong research skills in order to gather and understand data gathered. Research is a large component of being successful in this position.

Ethics: Criminal psychologists have a responsibility to do the right thing. This means they must have a strong sense of ethics to make sure everyone involved is well-protected. They must make sure the data and assumptions they make are based on concrete facts.

Patience: Understanding how criminals think can often take time, so it’s important to learn how to be patience. It is important to have enough patience to research, gather data and get to the bottom of things without becoming too frustrated. This could cloud judgment and create inconsistencies in the case.

Problem-Solving: Having problem-solving skills is a must. A criminal psychologist must be able to assess and decipher problems, thinking quickly. Criminals can shift their targets or pattern within seconds. A criminal psychologist must be able to assess what has taken place and make adjustments to assist law enforcement in their cases.

Internship Requirements

Criminal psychologists must have a year of experience in the field to obtain a license, or 1,000 hours of postdoctoral experience or training, in addition to 100 hours of specialized forensic psychology training. They also gain clinical practicums and residencies occurring throughout their educational programs. Additional experience is gained through government agencies, private consulting firms, hospitals, prisons, courts or police departments. They are conducted under the supervision of a licensed criminal psychologist.

Education Requirements

The first step in becoming a criminal psychologist is to obtain a bachelor’s degree. Studies in psychology or criminal behavior is highly recommended, in addition to courses in human behavior, psychoanalysis, crime detection, forensic science and criminology. During this four-year program, students should take the initiative to volunteer in a forensic setting beyond the standard internship to gain experience.

The next step after obtaining the bachelor’s degree is to obtain a master’s degree, Ph.D., or a Psy.D. These programs take an additional two years of study. The master’s takes two years after the bachelor’s, and the doctoral degree an additional two years. With a doctoral degree, a year of postdoctoral clinical training is required in criminal or forensic psychology to obtain the license. The Ph.D. program also requires a dissertation from research conducted throughout their studies.

It is wise to become board certified. While certification is not really required, a certification can assist in becoming recognized for your work in the field, and will open the doors of opportunity. This also demonstrates proficiency in the field. A set of written and oral exams are needed to become board-certified.

A criminal psychologist will always have continuing education requirements to stay on top of industry trends and changes in any laws. Their expertise is valued in and out of the legal system. Throughout their career, criminal psychologists will have to stay educated to renew their license and certifications. For an individual who wants to assist in bringing criminals to justice and helping law enforcement understand how to better understand perpetrators, this is a great field to work in. This will not only be lucrative, but enlightening as the world of the criminal mind is evaluated and understood.

Psychology Scholarships

American Psychological Foundation Scholarships Association of Black Psychologists Epilepsy Foundation
Elizabeth Munsterberg Koppitz Child Psychology Graduate Student Fellowship Future Counselors of America Scholarship Gallagher Koster Health Careers Scholarship
Kay Wilson Presidential Leadership Award NIH Undergraduate Scholarship NAJA Graduate Scholarship
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Psi Chi Awards and Grants Wayne F. Placek Grants

Kaplan University

Kaplan University is focused on recognizing the achievements of military and veteran students and offers the flexibility of an online education.

Programs:

  • MS in Criminal Justice - Leadership/Executive Management
  • Associate of Applied Science in Criminal Justice and Criminology 
  • Associate of Applied Science In Public Safety and Security 
  • And more...

South University, Online Programs

As a student at South University, Online Programs, you will receive the same quality instruction, variety of learning options and level of service found at the campus locations.

Programs:

  • Criminal Justice (MS)
  • Criminal Justice (BS)

Argosy University

Argosy University offers doctoral, master's, and bachelor's degree programs to students through its eight colleges.

Programs:

  • Criminal Justice (BS) (Online)

Grand Canyon University

Interested in enhancing your skills and knowledge in the criminal justice field? Learn more at GCU!

Programs:

  • B.S. in Justice Studies
  • M.S. in Criminal Justice: Legal Studies

South University

Available programs include B.S. and M.S. in Criminal Justice, B.S. in Legal Studies, and A.S. in Paralegal Studies.

Programs:

  • Criminal Justice (BS)
  • Criminal Justice (MS)
  • Legal Studies (BS)

Regent University

Regent University prepares students with the knowledge to excel and the faith to live with purpose.

Programs:

  • Master of Laws - American Legal Studies
  • Bachelor of Science in Professional Studies - Criminal Justice
  • Bachelor of Arts in Government - Pre-Law
  • And more...

Colorado Technical University Online

Programs and specialized concentrations for dedicated professionals seeking knowledge and skills relevant to the field of Criminal Justice.

Programs:

  • Doctor of Management - Criminal Justice
  • Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice
  • Master of Science in Criminal Justice
  • And more...

Liberty University

We are committed to helping you achieve your goals and complete your degree as quickly as possible.

Programs:

  • Master of Science: Criminal Justice
  • Bachelor of Science: Criminal Justice: Homeland Security
  • Master of Science: Criminal Justice: Public Administration
  • And more...

Ashford University

You've found Ashford University, where school comes to you. Earn your bachelor's or master's degree online.

Programs:

  • MS/Criminal Justice - Forensic Science
  • MS/Criminal Justice - Homeland Security
  • MS/Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement and Corrections Administration
  • And more...

Baker College Online

Baker College is proud to be the largest independent college in Michigan with the most focused approach to education and training available. With one of the highest graduate employment rates in the country, our mission is to help our students find meaningful employment.

Programs:

  • Criminal Justice - Bachelor
  • Law Enforcement Academy (Police) - Bachelor

Kaplan University

Kaplan University is focused on recognizing the achievements of military and veteran students and offers the flexibility of an online education.

Programs:

  • MS in Criminal Justice - Leadership/Executive Management
  • Associate of Applied Science in Criminal Justice and Criminology 
  • Associate of Applied Science In Public Safety and Security 
  • And more...

Liberty University

100% Online & No Standardized Testing

Programs:

  • Master of Science: Criminal Justice
  • Bachelor of Science: Criminal Justice: Homeland Security
  • Master of Science: Criminal Justice: Public Administration
  • And more...

American InterContinental University Online

You’re serious about success. With your busy schedule and the desire to move your career forward, you can earn an accredited associate, bachelors or master’s degree at a pace that works for you anywhere, anytime, 24/7.

At AIU, the Serious U, you can get started to get ahead.

Programs:

  • Bachelor's (BSCJ) - Generalist

Florida Tech

See What’s Possible When You Earn a Degree at Florida Tech 100% Online

Programs:

  • Associate of Arts in Criminal Justice
  • Bachelor of Arts in Criminal Justice/Homeland Security
  • Bachelor of Arts in Criminal Justice

Kaplan University - KHE

At Kaplan University, we offer over 180 degree and certificate programs.

Programs:

  • Associate of Applied Science in Criminal Justice and Criminology 
  • Bachelor of Science in Corrections
  • Associate of Applied Science In Public Safety and Security 
  • And more...

South University

As a student at South University, you will have the opportunity to learn from accomplished faculty members who have real-world experience in the subjects that they teach. Our small class sizes allow you to receive personalized attention from instructors, and the encouragement to recognize your goals for the future and the means to achieve them.

Programs:

  • Criminal Justice (BS)
  • Criminal Justice (MS)
  • Legal Studies (BS)

Miller-Motte Technical College

Miller-Motte Technical College (MMTC) can help get you from here to a new career!

Programs:

  • Criminal Justice - Associate of Occupational Science

Argosy University

Welcome to Argosy University

Argosy University offers doctoral, master's, and bachelor's degree programs to students through its eight colleges:  College of Behavioral Sciences, Graduate School of Business and Management, College of Education,  College of Health Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, College of Creative Arts and Design, College of Clinical Psychology and Western State College of Law at Argosy University as well as certificate programs in many areas.

Programs:

  • Criminal Justice (BS) (Online)

Regent University

Regent University prepares students with the knowledge to excel and the faith to live with purpose.

Programs:

  • Bachelor of Applied Science in Criminal Justice
  • Master of Laws - American Legal Studies
  • Bachelor of Arts in Leadership Studies - Criminal Justice
  • And more...

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